Essential Oil Safety And Dilution

Discover the risks of using Essential Oils to keep you and your family safe, even your pets.

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Table Of Contents

What Is An Essential Oil

Every plant that grows from the earth that has a scent gets their scent from the natural oils embedded within the plant, or on the surface of the leaves. When you smell a pretty flower and it has an amazing aroma to it, you are actually smelling the oils within that flower.

Now, let’s say you wanted to wear that scent as your perfume.. You could (essentially) take some of those flowers and rub them on your neck, which would transfer a very small amount of the oils to your skin. However, it would also completely mangle and destroy the flower with the first couple of rubs making it quite difficult to really get much of the oils out of it. Tree branches and pine needles also give off a pleasant aroma, but you’re not likely going to rub those on your skin for the scent as it may quite painful.

Aside from plants just having a pleasant aroma, many plants also possess healing properties that are highly beneficial for us, which are also found in the oils of the plants. Again though, you’re not likely going to go pick these plants and rub them on your skin for their healing properties. However, you can reep the benfefits of some plants by making them into a tea , which is the safest way to ingest essential oils, or add the plant itself to food as we commonly do for flavoring our food dishes (herbs/spices).

In order to get the most powerful health benefits and aroma out of a plants oils, it is best to extract those oils from the plants. This is commonly done using a distillation process that involves steaming the oils out. When you steam the plants, the oils evaporate with the water molecules and are then separated by cooling the steam back into water. This evaporated water mixed with the oils is then dripped into a cup or bucket of sorts. As science has shown us many times, oil and water do not mix , and the oils will often be lighter weight than the water and sit on top of the water in the cup or bucket. . In some cases the oil is heavier than the water and will sink below the water. Either way, in any distillation method, the water and oils will naturally separate, then water is removed and you have pure 1st grade essential oils.

Some plants have less oils per leaf/flower/branch than others. For example, it takes 60,000 rose peddles to make a small 5ML bottle of Rose Oil (that’s why it is quite pricey). However, it only takes 1 pound of peppermint plant matter to make a 15ML bottle of Peppermint oil.
This being said, in a single drop of essential oil, there is an extremely high level of concentrated plant oil, regardless of how much plant matter was actually used to make that one drop. For this reason, it is imperative to always use caution when applying essential oils to the skin. ESSENTIAL OILS CAN LEAVE CHEMICAL BURNS ON SKIN!

Potency & Quality

One thing that many people do not realize is that the potency of an essential oil is based on its distillation grade. When you take a plant and put it in a distillation mechanism, the first distillation is going to give you the most potent medical grade oil. However, this does not mean that all the oils have been fully extracted from the plant matter. with some plants, you can distill them up to 10 times and still get oils from them. With each distillation the potency of the oil decreases. You will still get a scent from each distillation, but the medical benefits decrease with each distillation.

Another thing to consider when it comes to potency is how much pressure is used in the distillation process. Some companies producing mass quantities of essential oils want to “pump-out” as much as they can in a short amount of time to get the oils sold as fast as possible. High pressure distillation also decreases the quality and potency of the oils, while natural drip distillation takes longer but produces a much higher quality oil that has greater medical benefits to them.

At Arubah Health Spa, we focus on healing and we’re very cautious of who we get our oils from. We have literally searched the planet to provide you with the highest quality oils possible. All our oils are 1st grade no pressure distillation.

Organic Vs Non-Organic

One of the most commonly asked questions we hear is “are your oils organic”. So, here’s the real answer to that question.

Regardless of whether or not a plant is grown organically, the fact is, when a plant is put through a distillation process, only the oils of the plant are extracted. In the distillation process, the only way to extract oils from a plant is with steam. The steam is then ran through a cooling cycle that allows the water and oils to be seperated. Non-organic properties in the plant are NOT carried into the steam, only the oil of the plant is.

So, to sum it all up, there is no such thing as non-organic essential oils, because it the distillation process just simply cannot carry the non organic properties from the plant.

Dangers & Preventative Measures With Essential Oils

Think of an essential as a super concentrated chemical that can harm you, your children, and your pets if not used properly. Depending on the plant used to make the essential oil, keep in mind that in order to make a small 5 ML bottle, some oils require thousands of plants to make that little bottle.

Essential oils may be applied to the skin for many relieving purposes. However, any essential oil you do want to apply should always be diluted in what is known as a “Carrier Oil”. A carrier oil is a fat based oil that allows the essential oils to be ‘spread-out’, so that they are not so concentrated. Some of the most commonly used carriers are Grapeseed, Coconut, Olive, Pomegranate and Apricot. Really though, it does not matter which carrier you choose to use so long as it has a high fat content.

While not all essential oils will burn your skin, some oils if applied directly to the skin without the use of a carrier oil will leave a chemical burn, and when this happens it is extremely painful when applied to more sensitive skin. With some essential oils, it will feel like you jumped into a fire and you can’t get out.

If this ever happens to you, find a fat based oil immediately and rub it on the area where the essential oil has touched the skin. Us a lot of fatty oil to really help move that concentrated essential oil around and spread it out to thin it in the area that is burning.

Although it is highly unpleasant to feel the burning sensation from an essential oil, it is also a great way to test its potency and quality. If you purchase an essential oil from somewhere and you want to test its quality, grab a bottle of your favorite carrier oil, apply one drop of essential oil to the back of your hand. Wait for 1-5 minutes, if you feel it starting to burn quickly apply a teaspoon or more of the carrier oil and spread it around all over your hands and arms. If it does not start to burn, it may either be an essential oil that won’t burn your skin, and if it is, then you may have a lower quality essential oil. Some essential oil companies also pre-dilute, so this may also be the cause of a lack of burning sensation when testing.

A helpful tip: This same method may be used for those moments when you accidentally get some hot spicy pepper juices in your eye or in more sensitive skin areas. Simply apply fatty oil to the affected area immediately and the burning sensation will go away.

Can Essential Oils Be Ingested Orally?

The short answer to this is NO, DON’T DO IT!

We highly discourage you to ever put even one drop of essential oil in your mouth. Some people will put a small drop of peppermint in there mouth and swish it around as a breath freshener, but we recommend to just go buy some gum or brush your teeth instead. 

The greatest risk with ingesting essential oils (even those that come from a plant that is normally ingested), is that they are highly concentrated and can easily cause permanent damage to the liver, stomach, kidneys and intestines. These are damages that you cannot ever go back from, or fix. Essential oil damages caused to organs is a lifetime thing that you will have to live with. It will change your entire life, or worse make your life shorter. 

The bottom line, just don’t do it, not even if you dilute them, AND KEEP ESSENTIAL OILS FAR OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN AND PETS.

How To Dilute Essential Oils

The key thing to properly diluting oils is to understand that not everyone has the same skin sensitivities.

An infant’s skin is much more sensitive than an adult, and will require more carrier oil than an adult. 

The same goes for your pets. A dog or cat should not even have as much as an infant would. Their skin is much different than ours, and as such is far more sensitive to essential oils. Some essential oils that are safe for humans are deadly toxic to animals. For more info on this, please read the “PETS AND ESSENTIAL OILS” section below.

Please refer to the chart below for proper dilution of essential oils.

Essential Oil Dilution Chart For Your Pets

Essential Oils can be very beneficial for your pets, but do also pose a greater risk to them than people.
Some oils can be beneficial for oncology care of your pet, reducing anxiety, or general pain and itch relief.
By no means should you use prolonged or consistent use of essential oils on your pets, especially for general pain and itch relief. Please consult a veterinary clinic before using essential oils on your pet. The dilution suggestions listed below are only for dogs and cats that have been approved by a veterinary clinic.

Although this chart is for dogs, you may also use the same ratios based on weight for cats. The best carrier oil for your pet is coconut oil. The recommended dilutions below are only for topical applications. Do NOT let your pet ingest essential oils. Please use a cone or wrap up the area you applied the diluted oil to, then wash the area once the scent has dissipated.

If you have a dog or cat, please be cautious when  using Essential Oils in a diffuser. It may make your home smell wonderful to you, however it may poisoning your pets.

To see which essential oils are safe to use for your pets and their individual benefits, click HERE.

We do not recommend ingesting any essential oils, as it may result in severe damage to your liver, stomach and other organs, or in some cases even death.
If ingested contact your nearest poison control centre or hospital.
Do not apply to skin before going in direct sunlight, tanning beds/booth, Sauna’s, Hot tubs, showers/baths. Doing so may result in burning blisters to the skin. It is highly recommended that any essential oil applied directly to skin, be applied with a carrier (Fatty) oil such as Coconut, Olive, Grape Seed oil.

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